Police in The Netherlands
The Dutch police history begins in 1581 , with the formation of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands . This creates a simple police organization without clear roles and responsibilities . Napoleon in 1810 incorporates our country into the French Empire , and began with the establishment of a police force . Cities can free up money for a scout ; for municipalities is that a constable .
In 1813 , the Netherlands became independent and a year later King William I directed the Corps of Military Police . This corps has twelve employees and is part of the armed forces . It carries out military tasks for the military and non - military for the state police . Created in 1858 to complement the trooper Corps Empire Field Wait fourteen hundred employees . This corps focuses on public policy in the country. Besides the two forces exist a municipal police ( eleven thousand employees) , police forces ( sixteen employees) and the municipality field waiting .
In World War II, there will be a ' Reich Commissioner for the Niederlände . The entire police force counts about twenty thousand people. After the war , this service is dissolved. To restore public order and control , the government decision in November 1945 to establish . A new police organization It distinguishes between the municipal police ( for designated municipalities) and the National Police Corps for the rest of the country .
This splitting disappears in 1994 after a major reorganization move the state and municipal police in 25 regional police forces and the National Police Agency (KLPD ) . Each force operates autonomously . This situation lasts until January 1, 2013 . From that day is a police organization , divided into ten regional units , the National Unity and the Police Service Centre . Henceforth, a police chief sends the police .
The establishment of a national police contributes to making the Netherlands a safer and offers more space to the professionalism of the police and its employees. A police corps leads to better performance, more confidence of citizens and police organization that functions as a unit. This requires a different organization of the police, but also changes in culture, behavior and leadership.
A police force provides more professional space. Within their responsibilities, they may be more likely to exercise its discretion as the situation requires. The administrative burden increases with the police in the coming years considerably and managers go again more concerned with managing and supporting everyday policing.
The main structure of the police has three closely cooperating levels: national , regional and local. Force management , supported by the Staff Corps Leadership , operates at the national level . In operational terms this also applies to the National Unity , which include made -regional and specialist police , and the Police Service Centre where all operational components are combined. The ten other units operate at the regional level . Within these units are locally active districts , which consist of solid base teams , the district criminal investigation and a flex team .
The police - ten regional units , the National Unit and the Police Service Centre - is led by senior police commanders. Force management is supported by the Staff Corps Leadership .
The National Police has an operational unit for cross-regional and specialist policing. The police chief is responsible for the National Unit and receive the support of the unit staff.
The staff carry out independent and supportive. Examples of independent tasks are tackling serious organized crime and terrorism, monitor and protect members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries and detection on highways , rail , water and air . The National Unity supports regional units include specialists in the field of criminal investigation and forensic investigation , but also with police dogs , police horses and helicopters . The National Unit consists of seven departments :
Service National Operations Center
The Operations Centre is the heart of the management of all current operations and provides clarity and consistency . For this purpose, the operational center permanently a complete and current operational picture what is going on in society and the people and resources available , the police ? Thus, the operational center and possibly adjust the power of the police to match the security situation at the time.
National Criminal Investigation Service
The National Crime Squad fights serious and organized crime . But also specific phenomena such as child pornography , environmental crime , terrorism and high- tech crime . In addition, the department official , national investigative authority as Dutch - Dutch property or beyond our borders - get involved or be the target of terrorist attacks or activities of serious organized crime .
National Information Service Organization
The National Information Service Organization carries out specific tasks such as rural international information exchange and national information coordination . The service also provides an overview and insight into the ( inter) national security situation for the benefit of operational policing . Furthermore, it acts within the police service as a counter for including Europol , Interpol and Dutch liaison officers who work on behalf of the police abroad .
Service National Operational Cooperation
The National Operational Collaboration Service provides operational support and quality ( technological ) innovation to the Dutch police. These are shielded operations such as working undercover and witness , the interception of telephone calls, but also calculates reasons , research and specialized animals. The National Forensic Service Centre is also part of this service .
The Infrastructure Service combats insecurity and crime in the Dutch national infrastructure : on the highway , water , rail and aviation . The service also provides air support to increase . The effectiveness of the police
Protection and Security Service
The police monitors and protects people , property and services at national, regional and local levels . These security measures are well matched . As the threat of greater job security or complicated , take measures to increase. In such situations, the Surveillance and Security Service gets a prominent role and provides support with specific expertise and dedicated resources . This makes the service in cooperation with the National Coordinator for Counterterrorism and Security and the Public Prosecution Service .
The Special Intervention Service combats all forms of serious violence and terrorism . The Arrest and Support Teams of police are a part of this service . They act as may reasonably be assumed that there are conditions that are life threatening to the police or others
Police Service Centre
The operations of the police - finance , facility management , information management , IT , communications and human resources - is organized nationally in the Police Service Centre (PDC) . That supports operational policing 24 hours a day , seven days a week . Doing business people from the PDC or , where necessary, on location in one unit . The business provides products and services to which the operational colleagues in need . By taking the business out of the hands get agents inside the units more time for actual police work .
The ten regional units consist of the unit staff , services and five districts including robust base teams. The police send the unit. He is responsible for the overall policing in the region.
Each unit has five services :
The Regional Operational Center Service is the link between the organization and the tasks that the police carried out ' on the street' . The service consists of the central station and the regional information hub for current information .
The Regional Crime Squad is investigating criminal organizations and offenses with a high impact on the victim . The service focuses on themes such as the environment , fraud , sexual , child pornography , trafficking and cybercrime . Furthermore, the regional detective in charge of monitoring and enforcement with regard to immigration legislation and supports the service , the detection unit in the field of observation, interception and forensic , financial and digital detection .
Regional Information Service Organization provides the unit of current information for the execution and control of the police . This is done by gathering information , making (threat) analysis and giving advice .
Operational Cooperation Service includes support departments . Thus , the Conflict and Crisis Management Department is responsible for day with police during events and the organization of the mobile unit . And for example, in the Regional Service Centre staff to answer non -emergency calls from citizens who call 0900-8844 .
A limited part of the business is organizing the police in the Service Regional Operations Unit . These are the activities that are directly related to operational policing , as spokesperson and scheduling of employees.
Each regional unit is divided into districts and each district in more robust base teams. Districts bridge the gap between the regional level of the unit and the local level of the robust base teams. Further, each district has a district investigation , a flex team and an information hub .
The district investigation allows for addressing offenses with a high impact on the victim , such as fraud , customs and juvenile delinquency . These investigators also support the robust foundation teams, for example in the fight against common crime such as burglary and addressing criminal youth groups . The Flex team is problem-focused and provides temporary employees based teams that additional capacity needed for investigation or enforcement. The information center provides 24 -hour -to-date information .
Robust base teams
A robust core team working for an entire municipality , part of a (large ) municipality or multiple (smaller ) municipalities. The team carries out the tasks of the police : the basic police . Community police officers play a leading role . Because they know exactly what is going on in their neighborhood and ask what issues police attention . Each core team includes at least one detection employee who supports the approach of common crime . Where necessary, the robust core team works with other teams within the district , the district investigation and with external partners at the local level , such as municipalities , probation and child welfare.